So far, the main problem of m & a has been how the state can shape the “data room life” in such a way as to protect its citizens, while the real benefits of big data are mainly created by private and public research and the economy. However, we also need a positive, active vision of the state, especially in the form of federal and state ministries, as well as state administration as executive bodies, in order to fully utilize the social potential of big data analysis. In addition, in the public sector, the most appropriate options are meaningful and ethically desirable big data processing.
This section discusses how big data analytics can be used in the public interest and by government agencies. It is imperative that the analysis of big data on social, demographic, sociological and other demographic data does not lead to a nightmare of observation among the population. The concept of the use of big data by the state should strictly comply with democratic and constitutional control and, if necessary, provide for the strengthening of security mechanisms and measures against abuse. The information that the state can obtain through the analysis of big data has a very high potential for power. That it is used in the interest of the common good has the highest priority.
Making deals online. Why is a timely and comprehensive discussion of ethical issues a convincing measure on the way to more efficient use of big data in the state. Ethics Council experts will discuss ways to preserve European values while realizing the benefits of digitization. The ethical dimension of the relationship between human rights, technology, markets and business models is at the forefront, as are the rights to privacy and data protection in the digital age. Using data storage and streamlining data flows between different authorities and between different departments within the agency will not be less profitable than for company offices.
On the institutional basis thus prepared, the recently created Federal Big Data Commission can begin its work. and identify areas of responsibility in which big data analytics can be meaningfully used based on the responsibilities of all government departments and other government agencies.
The work of such a commission should not be primarily aimed at public administration, but, of course, should cover this area. It is hoped that the work of such a commission is of great interest to the media, creating a public sphere that facilitates the active involvement of citizens in discourse.
Thus, large-scale collection of vehicle data is currently being carried out by vehicle manufacturers. It remains to consider where the state should provide access to private sector data, if necessary to fulfill its sovereign tasks in the digital age. Discussing the use of private sector data in the public interest would pose many challenges, from data protection to ownership.
However, the discussion of this issue across national borders is also important. A publicly controlled or publicly accessible European data pool, combining data from government agencies and some relevant data from the private sector, which can be used by the state under well-defined conditions, promises at least an attractive thought experiment.
In this regard, additional questions arise: do we need a new license for publicly available data? How can the relevant data be classified? How to prevent inappropriate government intervention in the markets? How do large amounts of data accumulate for search? Who will develop standards and transnational metadata for this? The current development, in which cities and communities become customers of technology companies to create smart city infrastructure, should not be without alternative. The concept of democratic legitimacy requires the governing body to protect individuals from economic and other dependencies on other private individuals.
If in order to fulfill this protective function in the 21st century, access to the information resources of the population or the population is necessary, then at least this issue should be discussed.